Tests are critical to ensure that DataFusion is working properly and is not accidentally broken during refactorings. All new features should have test coverage.

DataFusion has several levels of tests in its Test Pyramid and tries to follow the Rust standard Testing Organization in the The Book.

Unit tests

Tests for code in an individual module are defined in the same source file with a test module, following Rust convention.

sqllogictests Tests

DataFusion’s SQL implementation is tested using sqllogictest which are run like any other Rust test using cargo test --test sqllogictests.

sqllogictests tests may be less convenient for new contributors who are familiar with writing .rs tests as they require learning another tool. However, sqllogictest based tests are much easier to develop and maintain as they 1) do not require a slow recompile/link cycle and 2) can be automatically updated via cargo test --test sqllogictests -- --complete.

Like similar systems such as DuckDB, DataFusion has chosen to trade off a slightly higher barrier to contribution for longer term maintainability.

Rust Integration Tests

There are several tests of the public interface of the DataFusion library in the tests directory.

You can run these tests individually using cargo as normal command such as

cargo test -p datafusion --test parquet_exec


Criterion Benchmarks

Criterion is a statistics-driven micro-benchmarking framework used by DataFusion for evaluating the performance of specific code-paths. In particular, the criterion benchmarks help to both guide optimisation efforts, and prevent performance regressions within DataFusion.

Criterion integrates with Cargo’s built-in benchmark support and a given benchmark can be run with

cargo bench --bench BENCHMARK_NAME

A full list of benchmarks can be found here.

cargo-criterion may also be used for more advanced reporting.

Parquet SQL Benchmarks

The parquet SQL benchmarks can be run with

 cargo bench --bench parquet_query_sql

These randomly generate a parquet file, and then benchmark queries sourced from parquet_query_sql.sql against it. This can therefore be a quick way to add coverage of particular query and/or data paths.

If the environment variable PARQUET_FILE is set, the benchmark will run queries against this file instead of a randomly generated one. This can be useful for performing multiple runs, potentially with different code, against the same source data, or for testing against a custom dataset.

The benchmark will automatically remove any generated parquet file on exit, however, if interrupted (e.g. by CTRL+C) it will not. This can be useful for analysing the particular file after the fact, or preserving it to use with PARQUET_FILE in subsequent runs.

Comparing Baselines

By default, Criterion.rs will compare the measurements against the previous run (if any). Sometimes it’s useful to keep a set of measurements around for several runs. For example, you might want to make multiple changes to the code while comparing against the master branch. For this situation, Criterion.rs supports custom baselines.

 git checkout main
 cargo bench --bench sql_planner -- --save-baseline main
 git checkout YOUR_BRANCH
 cargo bench --bench sql_planner --  --baseline main

Note: For MacOS it may be required to run cargo bench with sudo

sudo cargo bench ...

More information on Baselines

Upstream Benchmark Suites

Instructions and tooling for running upstream benchmark suites against DataFusion can be found in benchmarks.

These are valuable for comparative evaluation against alternative Arrow implementations and query engines.